9/11 Memorial Pools – A Reflection of Tragedy and Tribute
The most striking and iconic features of the 9/11 Memorial in New York City are the two reflective pools set deep into the footprints of the original Twin Towers.
These massive voids serve as constant reminders of the absence left behind after the towers fell.
The pools are the largest manmade waterfalls in North America, cascading down all four sides into a central void.
At ground level, the viewer can look into the infinite depth of the black granite lining the pools.
The scale is immense, with each pool nearly an acre in size.
The sound of 30-foot waterfalls blocks out the noise of the surrounding city, allowing for contemplation and reflection.
Here is an in-depth look at the history, design, and significance of the 9/11 Memorial Pools.
History of the 9/11 Memorial Pools
After the attacks of September 11, 2001, discussions began on how to memorialize the World Trade Center site.
In January 2004, a design competition was launched calling for concepts that would complement developer Larry Silverstein’s plans for commercial towers on the site.
Out of 5,201 entries from 63 nations, a design by Michael Arad and Peter Walker was selected as the winner.
Their vision centered around two pools marking the footprints of the North and South Towers.
The early renderings showed the pools without water, yet they evoked a powerful sense of loss and absence.
The basic vision remained through the development of what became known as Reflecting Absence.
However, the sterile voids were softened by adding waterfalls cascading down all sides.
Hundreds of swamp-white oak trees line the plaza, bringing a sense of life and softness.
The architects carefully balanced absence and presence, hardness and softness, to create a meditative environment focused on remembrance.
The 9/11 Memorial Waterfalls
The core design concept focused on the Twin Towers’ footprints as voids in the landscape.
Yet, as the design developed, the static empty pools were brought to life by adding water.
The sound of cascading water provides a meditative quality, separate from the bustling city.
Powerful pumps cycle over 52,000 gallons of water per minute over each waterfall.
The water descends nearly 30 feet into a secondary void before being pumped back to the top.
The flow of water is continuous, cascading without end or relief.
At night, subtle lights underneath the pools cause them to glow.
The falling water is illuminated, creating a breathtaking visual display.
The Names Inscribed Around the Pools
What brings humanity and emotional power to the pools are the 2,983 names inscribed in bronze on the parapets surrounding them.
The names include those killed in the attacks, as well as those who died in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing.
Each individual is memorialized equally, represented only by their name and without additional information like age, occupation, or location.
The names are organized based on meaningful relationships to others killed, such as proximity at the time of the attacks, company or organization affiliations, and personal relationships.
Names with a shared relationship or location during the attacks are memorialized on the same panel.
This allows friends, family members, and co-workers to be remembered side-by-side.
First responders who sacrificed their lives are signified with their department shield next to their name.
Those with a birthday on 9/11 have their name marked with a special flower.
Touching a name etches it into visitors’ memories and makes the loss more intimate and authentic.
The Survivor Tree
Amidst the symbols of loss and absence, a small Callery pear tree near the pools has come to represent hope and renewal.
The tree became known as the Survivor Tree after being reduced to an eight-foot stump in the rubble at Ground Zero.
Despite extreme damage and burns, the tree showed signs of new life the following spring.
The Survivor Tree was nursed back to health and replanted near the South Pool in 2010.
The tree’s deep roots kept it alive through the destruction.
As one of the few living things to survive at the site, it is a potent symbol of resilience.
The presence of the Survivor Tree is a small but reassuring sign of rebirth and hope for the future.
The Pools Today
Opening on the 10th anniversary of the attacks in 2011, the 9/11 Memorial immediately became a pilgrimage site for victims’ families, survivors, locals and visitors.
The Museum opened in 2014, containing over 40,000 images and 10,000 artifacts relating to the events and aftermath.
Yet the visceral experience of the pools leaves the most profound impressions.
The pools have become places of quiet reflection within the plaza.
Visitors descend to the pool edges and lay roses and mementos.
The names etched in bronze provide points of connection.
Seeing a loved one’s name grounds the enormity of the loss and allows visitors to remember the missing.
The sound of cascading water blocks out all else, creating space for remembrance and contemplation.
While the events of 9/11 were an unfathomable tragedy, the memorial pools represent a place of healing.
If you are planning to visit the 9/11 Memorial and Museum, also read about:
FAQs on 9/11 Memorial Pool
1. What is the 9/11 Memorial Pool?
The 9/11 Memorial Pool, located at the World Trade Center site in New York City, is a significant tribute to the victims of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.
It consists of two large reflecting pools set within the footprints of the original Twin Towers.
The pools are surrounded by bronze parapets inscribed with the names of the nearly 3,000 people who lost their lives in the attacks.
2. What is the significance of the design of the Memorial Pool?
The design of the Memorial Pool holds deep symbolism.
The pools represent the voids left by the fallen Twin Towers.
The flowing waterfalls cascading into the pools evoke a sense of perpetual loss and renewal.
The design aims to create a serene and contemplative space for visitors, encouraging reflection and remembrance.
3. How deep is the water in the Memorial Pool?
The water in the Memorial Pool is approximately 30 feet deep, emphasizing the vastness of the void left by the towers and enhancing the reflective quality of the space.
4. What is the size of the Memorial Pool?
Each Memorial Pool is about an acre in size, making them the largest man-made waterfalls in North America.
5. Are the names on the Memorial Pool arranged in any specific order?
The names of the victims inscribed on the Memorial Pool parapets are arranged according to various factors, including the specific locations of the attacks, affiliations, and personal connections, ensuring meaningful adjacencies for family and friends.
6. How were the names of the victims chosen to be inscribed on the Memorial Pool?
The names were selected based on a meticulous process that involved input from victims’ families, survivors, rescue and recovery workers, and other stakeholders.
This collaborative effort aimed to honor the diverse and inclusive nature of the tragedy.
7. Is there an admission fee to visit the 9/11 Memorial Pool?
There is no admission fee to visit the 9/11 Memorial Pool.
It is open to the public, allowing people from around the world to pay their respects and remember the events of September 11, 2001.
8. What are the operating hours of the 9/11 Memorial Pool?
The Memorial Pool is typically open daily to visitors.
It is open from 8 am to 8 pm every day.
9. Is photography allowed at the Memorial Pool?
Yes, photography is allowed at the Memorial Pool.
Visitors are welcome to capture their experience and the serene atmosphere of the site.
However, it’s essential to do so respectfully, considering the somber nature of the memorial.
10. Do you need a ticket to visit the 9/11 Memorial Pool?
The 9/11 memorial pool is free to visit. You do not have to buy a ticket.
Featured Image: 911memorial.org